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National climate policy

Policymakers and industry in Germany use a mix of measures and instruments to make progress on climate action.

With regard to commitments under the Kyoto Protocol and the international community’s goal of limiting global warming to below 2 degrees Celsius compared with pre-industrial levels, Germany has taken considerable steps to contribute to a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. The German government’s goal is a reduction of at least 40 percent by 2020 and of 80 to 95 percent by 2050 compared with 1990, primarily through the expansion of renewable energies and increased energy efficiency. These goals were already set out in the 2010 Energy Concept. In Germany a wide range of instruments ensure climate targets are being achieved. As well as international mechanisms such as emissions trading, the key elements in Germany for the move to a society with virtually no greenhouse gas emissions are laws, ordinances and support programmes.

Active climate policy also creates economic opportunities in Germany. Investments in climate action and energy efficiency make companies more competitive and fit for the future, and reduce dependence on energy imports.

Last update: 09.04.2014