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Multilateral Cooperation

Ansicht eines schneebedeckten Berges

The Alps represent a biographical region extending approximately over 190 000 km² in the heart of Europe. To protect the Alps, the Alpine Convention was created: an international agreement that links the Alpine states and the EU. It aims at sustainable development of the Alpine region and at protecting the interests of the local population - including the environmental, social, economic and cultural dimensions. read more

Eine fast geschlossenen Eisdecke, im Hintergrund ist ein Eisberg

Antarctica is a continent of extremes with globally unique weather and climate conditions, a still largely unaffected natural ecosystem, original communities of land, sea, glaciers and marine environment. The polar regions are key regions for climate change and thus for life on Earth. Accorsding to the Antarctic Treaty, Antarctica shall remain “a natural reserve, devoted to peace and science”. Website of Secretariat of the Antarctic Treaty

Luftaufnahme von schneebedeckten Bergen

The Arctic is increasingly becoming an area of geo-political, geo-economic and geo-ecological interest. Climate change resulting from anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions is causing rapid warming and melting of ice in the Arctic. This makes areas in the North Polar Region with raw materials potential increasingly accessible for economic exploitation and development. However, the economic opportunities come with high risks for the Arctic's ecosystems. read more

Eine Welle bricht an den Strand.

A particular concern of the Baltic Sea cooperation is the promotion of sustainable development in the region. In 1996 the governments of the Baltic Sea countries launched the multilateral Baltic 21 process. Today Baltic 21 stands for a functioning network of governmental and nongovernmental organizations that are committed to a sustainable development in the BSR.
website of the Council of Baltic Sea States on Baltic 21

Wald mit steinigem Boden

The Western Balkan countries are approaching, at varying pace, the European Union. Whereas Croatia has been a full EU member since been a July 1, 2013, Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina have not yet submitted an application for membership but are at different stages of the process. Macedonia has the status of a candidate country since 2005, Albania since 2014. Montenegro and Serbia are involved in negotiations with the EU since 2012 and 2014, respectively.