The Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) is in charge of protecting humans and the environment from ionising and non-ionising radiation and guaranteeing their safety. In the field of ionising radiation, the focus is for instance on radiation used in medicine in x-ray diagnosis, the safety of handling radioactive substances in nuclear engineering and the protection from increased natural radioactivity. The field of non-ionising radiation focusses inter alia on the protection from ultraviolet radiation and the impact of mobile radio.
Apart from preventing immediate hazards, precautionary measures geared towards protecting the population, the work force and patients in medical institutions are of critical importance.
- government custody of nuclear fuel
- radioactive waste management
- safety of carriage and stocking of nuclear fuels
The BfS works on technical scientific recommendations for the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety and supports the elaboration of legislation.
The BfS was founded in 1989 with the aim of combining know-how in areas such as
- radiation protection
- nuclear safety
- nuclear waste management.
Institutions existing at that time were incorporated into the new authority.