– Check against delivery –
Ladies and gentlemen,
I would like to begin by thanking our hosts for the excellent organisation and the warm welcome.
If we look at the short period of time between the success of COP21 and the entry into force of the Paris Agreement, it is by no means an exaggeration to say we are currently witnessing unprecedented momentum in international climate action. With the early ratification of the Paris Agreement, we, the international community, have sent a clear message of determination to industry and society throughout the world: The global transformation to a greenhouse gas-neutral and climate-resilient world is now irreversibly underway.
2015 was the year of international decisions. As of 2016, the focus is on their implementation.
I am therefore delighted that the Moroccan Presidency chose Action and Implementation as the theme for COP22.
This is precisely what we need to do now. We have to turn the text of the agreement into concrete actions. And this is just as ambitious as the process leading to the agreement itself.
I am sure we are all discovering this first hand, for example, when negotiating about climate action with colleagues in other ministries.
The German sociologist Max Weber once commented that politics is like drilling through hard boards. To be precise, he said that "politics is a strong and slow boring of hard boards. It takes both passion and perspective."
And that is exactly what we climate ministers need at the moment: passion and perspective.
This strong boring, in other words implementation, takes place at several levels and includes:
- the NDCs of all countries
- initiatives and projects under the Global Climate Action Agenda
- other climate-relevant international agreements, for instance on restricting emissions from aviation and on reducing emissions of climate-forcing F gases
- and specifying the detailed provisions of the Paris Agreement.
To advance this implementation process, I will particularly advocate:
- that we in Germany resolutely implement our ambitious Climate Action Plan 2050, which the German government is formally adopting as we speak
- and that we support other countries. Together with Morocco we are launching a new global NDC Partnership here at COP22. Developed and developing countries and international organisations will work together in this partnership to help countries in implementing their NDCs.
I also intend to present a convincing plan with all other donors on how we can mobilise the 100 billion dollars of climate finance by 2020. And some donors are already delivering on their pledges less than a year after Paris.
Germany will double its public climate financing from two to four billion euros by 2020. Additional public funding will come from the KfW development bank and the German Investment and Development Company, DEG. Together with private funding, this means Germany is contributing a fair share.
We are also supporting a range of climate action initiatives such as the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI) and ecosystem adaptation in Caribbean island states.
In this way, Germany is also demonstrating that even more can be done to reduce greenhouse gases and support adaptation to climate change.
Climate action, energy and the implementation of the Paris Agreement will therefore be key issues of our G20 Presidency.